Dynamic Structured Illumination Microscopy with a Neural Space-time Model

Structured illumination microscopy (SIM) reconstructs a super-resolved image from multiple raw images captured with different illumination patterns; hence, acquisition speed is limited, making it unsuitable for dynamic scenes. We propose a new method, Speckle Flow SIM, that uses static patterned illumination with moving samples and models the sample motion during data capture in order to reconstruct the dynamic scene with super-resolution. Speckle Flow SIM relies on sample motion to capture a sequence of raw images. The spatio-temporal relationship of the dynamic scene is modeled using a neural space-time model with coordinate-based multi-layer perceptrons (MLPs), and the motion dynamics and the super-resolved scene are jointly recovered. We validate Speckle Flow SIM for coherent imaging in simulation and build a simple, inexpensive experimental setup with off-the-shelf components. We demonstrate that Speckle Flow SIM can reconstruct a dynamic scene with deformable motion and 1.88x the diffraction-limited resolution in experiment.

  title={Dynamic Structured Illumination Microscopy with a Neural Space-time Model},
  author={Cao, Ruiming and Liu, Fanglin Linda and Yeh, Li-Hao and Waller, Laura},
  journal={arXiv preprint arXiv:2206.01397},